Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical found in the cannabis sativa plant, commonly known as cannabis or hemp. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a type of CBD that has been authorized as a drug in the United States for seizure treatment.
The Cannabis sativa plant contains over 80 chemicals known as cannabinoids. THC is the most well-known component of cannabis. CBD, on the other hand, comes from hemp, a type of Cannabis sativa plant that only has traces of THC. CBD has an impact on certain chemicals in the brain, but these aren’t the same as THC’s.
CBD is a cannabinoid that has been used to treat a variety of ailments since its discovery in the 1970s. It’s also been used for anxiety, pain, muscular disease called dystonia, Parkinson disease, and Crohn disease among other things, however there’s currently no scientific evidence to back it up.
Hemp and hemp products are now legal in the United States, thanks to new legislation passed in 2018. That does not, however, imply that all CBD products derived from hemp are lawful. Because CBD is a prescription medicine, it cannot lawfully be marketed as a food or dietary supplement. CBD is only allowed in “cosmetic” items, thus it cannot be used in food supplements. However, there are still CBD products on the market that are marketed as dietary supplements. The amount of CBD included in these goods isn’t always consistent with what’s stated on the label.
How does it work ? Uses & Effectiveness
Likely Effective for:
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized the usage of a specific pharmaceutical product (Epidiolex, GW Pharmaceuticals) to treat Dravet syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis complex-induced seizures. It’s uncertain if CBD in other forms is beneficial for seizure disorders.
There’s a lot of interest in using CBD for a variety of other purposes, but there isn’t enough evidence to determine whether it is beneficial for these uses.
Possibly Effective for
- Multiple sclerosis (MS). People with MS who used a prescription-only nasal spray (Sativex, GW Pharmaceuticals) that contains both 9-delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol reported greater improvement in pain, muscular tightness, and urination frequency. This medication is authorized for use in over 25 countries outside of the United States. However, there is a scarcity of evidence on cannabidiol’s efficacy for multiple sclerosis symptoms when taken alone. In a small study, use of a cannabidiol spray under the tongue improved pain and muscular tightness without improving muscle spasms, tiredness, bladder control, mobility, or quality of life in people with MS.
CBD is probably safe to take in moderate doses when taken by mouth. For up to 13 weeks, individuals have used dosages of up to 200 mg daily with no adverse effects. A specific prescription CBD product (Epidiolex) has been utilized at higher dosages and for longer periods under the supervision of a healthcare provider.
Although CBD has many beneficial effects, it may also cause some unwanted side effects, such as dryness of the mouth, low blood pressure, lightheadedness, and drowsiness. High doses of the prescription type of CBD known as Epidiolex have been associated with symptoms of liver damage. Because CBD is a chemical compound, it cannot be absorbed through the skin. It’s possible that applying CBD to your skin will have no negative effects and may even aid in recovery; however, there isn’t enough data on this topic.
Special Precautions and Warnings
It’s possible that CBD is harmful to a developing foetus or nursing infant. CBD products may be tainted with substances that are hazardous for the fetus or newborn. To avoid running into trouble, stay away from CBD.
Children: Taking a particular prescription CBD product (Epidiolex) by mouth in dosages up to 25 mg/kg per day is probably OK. This drug is authorized for use in children with specified disorders who are at least one year old. It’s unclear whether other CBD products are safe for kids.
Liver disease: CBD has been found to reduce liver toxicity, but persons with liver disease may require higher doses.
In people with Parkinson’s disease, some early research suggests that taking high doses of CBD may exacerbate muscular movement and tremors.